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「覺察」,從科學的角度

Updated: May 20

最近在讀一本書,是一位美國的社會學教授布蘭尼.布朗女士所著。裡面提到另一位神經內科醫生羅伯.勃頓先生解釋:「當大腦認知和完整一個思考套路之後,大腦會分泌『多巴胺(dopamine)』來獎賞我們。


故事,就好比一種『套路』。所以,當大腦認知到如此熟悉的起、承、尾的故事架構,思路就不再搖擺模糊,就會獎勵我們。很可惜的是,我們創造出來的故事不用是『正確的』,只要『明確』就好!」


「多巴胺」是一種使人類引起慾望的大腦神經遞質,換句話說,當你有積極的慾望想完成某件事,做出某種行為,追求某個人的時候,我們的大腦會非常活躍的分泌出大量的多巴胺,並且多巴胺會促使你繼續去追尋你的慾望,並在此過程中給你帶來快樂與滿足感。許多成癮行為都與多巴胺有關。(註一)

簡單來說,面對不確定性,或缺乏明確資訊時,我們常常會自己編故事,越編越真實、越想越氣或越傷心。

這樣的情況,相信對大家都不陌生,包括我在內。很多時候,我內心上演的故事只是為了保護自己,或消除不確定的情況,但因為腦中已經編了某個版本的故事,接下來的行為就會依據這個版本上演。

若繼續這樣的思維模式,會造成很多不必要的誤會和衝突 ,進而纏困住生命的成長。

所以,布蘭尼教授給了一個很好的建議方法,去攔截這樣的思考模式。就是在腦內故事上演前加一句:「我在編造的故事是.......。」

沒錯!先告訴自己:「我在編故事。」

一開始可能會覺得不服氣,但若冷靜下來思考,很多時候的確我們是真的不知道實際情況,只能說是推測或編造。

瑜珈幫助我攔截了如是眾多的「腦內故事」,所以才能調整自己的行為,進而改變。

這就是「覺察」。



Recently I have been reading Dr. Brene Brown’s book. She mentioned another neurologist, Robert Burton, explains that our brains reward us with dopamine when we recognize and complete patterns. Stories are patterns. The brain recognizes the familiar beginning-middle-end structure of a story and rewards us for clearing up the ambiguity. Unfortunately, we don’t need to be accurate, just certain. In short, Dr. Brene Brown concluded that the tricky part is that the promise of the sensation can seduce us into shutting down the uncertainty and vulnerability that are often necessary for getting to the truth. She further suggests a very useful tactic to bring more awareness into this by always adding, “ the story I am making up is ...” in every beginning of our inner story. I personally find it very practical and useful for breaking the habitual thought patterns. In my path of Yoga, I am benefited by the wisdom of scriptures and the guidance of my Guru. What I have learned from them to be conscious of my words, thoughts and actions is exactly to intercept this kind of story-telling patterns. This is awareness in life.


註一 資料來源:風傳媒「科學證實大腦主宰了你的幸福感!」

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